“The Law of Conservation’s purpose is to promote patrimonial preservation of the property”.
This law constitutes a new tool for conservation, with special emphasis regarding private conservation initiatives, as the majority of these projects do not have a category of legally recognized protection except for those which are Nature Sanctuaries. This permits the owner of a property to allocate it voluntarily to conservation without affecting his actual property rights and at the same time assuring the continuity of this initiative over time.
On June 10, 2016 a law (law 20.930) was enacted to establish the Right to Environmental Conservation, Chile being the first country to adopt this legal right.
LEGAL CONSERVATION RIGHT
As established by this law, the legal right to conservation consists of right to conserve the environmental heritage of a property or of certain attributes or functions of that property.
These attributes can be tangible or intangible as are its biotic components (i.e. flora and fauna) or abiotic such as water and soil, or intangible such as the scenery and ecosystems.
The right is exercised freely and in a voluntary manner by the owner of the property for the benefit of an individual or a corporation be it public or private.